When applying for Swiss work and residence permits, different regulations apply to EU/EFTA and other nationals.
The processing time of the application, possible quotas, and differing requirements of the applicant are only a few of the several differences.
Nationals of an EU-27/EFTA country can benefit from Switzerland's participation in an Agreement of Free Movement of Persons with the EU/EFTA states.
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Non-EU/EFTA nationals always need to apply for a work and residence permit before officially entering Switzerland, or when planning to work or stay in Switzerland. The result of the application has to be awaited in the home country.
The nationality, the length of the stay and the contractual set-up will define which work and residence permit type one may receive.
Work/residence permit types for Switzerland
Common types of permits in Switzerland are:
Online registration procedure
Mainly suitable for people who wish to undertake gainful employment of up to 90 days per year in Switzerland. The person must be employed in an EU/EFTA country.
Non-EU/EFTA nationals that have been employed for at least 12 months in an EU/EFTA country may use this simplified, fast-track registration procedure.
This type of permit is intended for foreign nationals who work in Switzerland regularly but occasionally. Individuals who obtain this permit may stay in Switzerland for up to 120 days during a 12-month period and work flexibly within the framework of the allowed purpose.
Short-term residence permits L and B
Both of these permits are aimed at foreign nationals who live and have their place of residence in Switzerland. These people are granted either an L or a B permit, depending on the length of their stay or contractual agreement.
Residence permit C - settled foreign nationals
Individuals can apply for a C-permit after having lived continuously in Switzerland for five or ten years. This permit is not subject to any time restriction or conditions.
Cross-border commuter permit G
Cross-border commuters are foreign nationals, working in Switzerland for a Swiss employer, whilst keeping their official place of residence abroad in an EU/EFTA country.
Cross-border commuters must return to their official place of residence at least once a week.